BEAUTY TIPS: KNOW YOUR SKIN TYPE & BEST TREATMENT



Skin Types
There are five basic skin types, including:

1. Normal Skin

This type of skin has a fine, even and smooth surface due to having an ideal balance between oil and moisture contents and is therefore neither greasy nor dry. People who have normal skin have small, barely-visible pores. Thus, their skin appears clear and does not develop spots and blemishes. This type of skin needs minimal and gentle treatment, but does still require some maintenance.

2. Dry Skin

Dry skin has a parched appearance and tends to flake easily. It is prone to wrinkles and lines due to the inability to retain moisture, as well as, the inadequate production of sebum by sebaceous glands. Dry skin often has problems in cold weather as it dries up even further. Constant protection in the form of a moisturizer by day and a moisture-rich cream by night is essential. It is important not to over-exfoliate even in cases of extreme flaking, as this will only dry the skin further; gentle exfoliants using sugar, rice bran or mild acids are most suitable, and should only be used once per week to avoid causing irritation and dryness.

3. Oily Skin

As its name implies, this type of skin’s surface is slightly to moderately greasy, which is caused by the over secretion of sebum. The excess oil on the surface of the skin draws dirt and dust from the environment to stick to it. Oily skin is usually prone to black heads, white heads, spots and pimples. It needs to be cleansed thoroughly every day, especially in hot or humid weather. Moisturizing with an oil-free, water-based and non-comodegenic moisturizer is still required. Exfoliation is also necessary, but over-exfoliation can cause irritation and increases in oil production; exfoliants that contain fruit acids are particularly helpful, and fine-grained exfoliants may help to clear blocked pores, discouraging breakouts and improving the skin's appearance.

4. Combination Skin

This is the most common type of skin. As the name suggests, it is a combination of both oily and dry or normal skin where certain areas of the face are oily and the rest dry. The oily parts are usually found on a central panel, called T – Zone, consisting of the forehead, nose and chin. The dry areas usually consist of the cheeks and the areas around the eyes and mouth. In such cases, each part of the face should be treated according to its skin type. There are also skin care products made especially for those who have combination skin, which contain ingredients that cater to both skin types.

5. Sensitive skin

Sensitive skin has a tendency to react with irritation, redness, stinging or burning, flaking, lumpiness and rashes to many potential triggers; the most common causes of irritation are chemical dyes and fragrances, soaps, some flower and spice oils, shaving creams, tanning lotions or spray tans, changes in temperature, excessive cleansing or exfoliating, waxing, threading, shaving and bleaching. People with sensitive skin should try to avoid products with unnecessary fragrances or dyes, and generally avoid using products that cause irritation. Sensitive skin is typically dry, but can be oily, normal or combination as well.
BEAUTY TIPS: KNOW YOUR SKIN TYPE & BEST TREATMENT BEAUTY TIPS: KNOW YOUR SKIN TYPE & BEST TREATMENT Reviewed by Bashiru Olu Wasiu-Ayinde on 07:36:00 Rating: 5

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